Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
Rev Port Pneumol 2017;23:343-51 - Vol. 23 Num.6 DOI: 10.1016/j.rppnen.2017.05.003
Review
The role of physiotherapy in patients undergoing pulmonary surgery for lung cancer. A literature review
F. Kendalla,b,c,, , P. Abreud, P. Pinhoa, J. Oliveirac, P. Bastosa
a Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Centro Hospitalar de São João, Porto, Portugal
b CESPU, Polytechnic Health Institute of the North, Gandra, Portugal
c CIAFEL, Faculty of Sports, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
d Department of Physiotherapy, Escola Superior Saúde Dr. Lopes Dias, Polytechnic Institute of Castelo Branco, Castelo Branco, Portugal
Received 27 October 2016, Accepted 15 May 2017
Abstract

This review aims to appraise the role of physiotherapy care in patients submitted to pulmonary surgery, in preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative phases.

Pulmonary surgery is the gold standard treatment for patients with lung cancer if it is completely resectable. However, the major impairments and complications induced by surgery are well known. Physiotherapy has been regularly used both in the preparation of the surgical candidates; in their functional recovery in the immediate postoperative period, and in the medium/long term but there is a lack of concise evidence-based recommendations. Therefore, the aim of this review is to appraise the literature about the role of physiotherapy interventions in patients undergoing lung surgery for lung cancer, in preoperative, perioperative, postoperative and maintenance stages, to the recovery and well-being, regardless of the extent of surgical approach.

In conclusion, physiotherapy programs should be individually designed, and the goals established according to surgery timings, and according to each subject's needs. It can also be concluded that in the preoperative phase, the main goals are to avoid postoperative pulmonary complications and reduce the length of hospital stay, and the therapeutic targets are respiratory muscle training, bronchial hygiene and exercise training. For the perioperative period, breathing exercises for pulmonary expansion and bronchial hygiene, as well as early mobilization and deambulation, postural correction and shoulder range of motion activities, should be added. Finally, it can be concluded that in the postoperative phase exercise training should be maintained, and adoption of healthy life-style behaviours must be encouraged.

Abbreviations
NSCLC, PPC, COPD, PO, FVC, FEV1, ERS/ESTS, DLCO, CPET, O2, VATS, RVATS, MIP, IMT, LOS, RCT, IS, VO2max, V/Q, PET, BMI, PEP, NIV, TENS
Rev Port Pneumol 2017;23:343-51 - Vol. 23 Num.6 DOI: 10.1016/j.rppnen.2017.05.003