Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
Rev Port Pneumol 2017;23:251-8 - Vol. 23 Num.5 DOI: 10.1016/j.rppnen.2017.05.004
Original article
Analysis of sarcoidosis in the Oporto region (Portugal)
A.V. Cardosoa,, , P.C. Motab,c, N. Melob, S. Guimarãesd, C. Souto Mourad, J.M. Jesuse, R. Cunhae, A. Moraisb,c
a Pneumology Department, Centro Hospitalar de São João, Porto, Portugal
b Pneumology Department and Diffuse Lung Disease Study Group, Centro Hospitalar de São João, Porto, Portugal
c Faculty of Medicine of Porto University, Porto, Portugal
d Pathology Department, Centro Hospitalar de São João, Porto, Portugal
e Radiology Department, Centro Hospitalar de São João, Porto, Portugal
Received 01 December 2016, Accepted 15 May 2017
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Abstract
Background

Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. Epidemiological studies of different populations are essential because clinical presentation, organ involvement, disease severity, and prognosis vary significantly according to region and population. The aim of this study was to assess epidemiological and clinical characteristics, staging factors, and clinical course in patients with sarcoidosis from a tertiary hospital in Oporto, Portugal.

Methods

A retrospective analysis of patients with sarcoidosis and at least 2 years of follow-up evaluated at the Centro Hospitalar de São João between 2000 and 2014.

Results

We identified 409 patients with sarcoidosis (females, 58.9%; mean age at diagnosis, 38.9±13.4 years; smokers, 14.4%]. All the patients were diagnosed according to the ERS/ATS/WASOG consensus statement and 64.1% had evidence of noncaseating epithelioid cell granulomas in biopsy specimens. Bronchoalveolar lavage was performed as part of the diagnostic work-up in 289 patients and 90.2% had lymphocytosis (CD4/CD8 ratio ≥3.5 in 60.9% of cases). Exertion dyspnea, cough, and constitutional symptoms were the most common presenting symptoms; 10.1% of patients were asymptomatic, 22.8% had Löfgren syndrome, and 50.5% had extrathoracic involvement. Radiographic stages of disease according to the Scadding criteria were as follows: stage 0 (5.2%), stage I (33.7%), stage II (47.0%), stage III (8.4%), and stage IV (5.7%). Impaired respiratory function was observed in 45.6% patients and was mostly mild. Systemic treatment was administered in 58.6% of cases. Overall, 45.3% of patients experienced disease resolution.

Conclusion

The epidemiological and clinical characteristics of this cohort of patients with sarcoidosis from the Oporto region in northern Portugal revealed epidemiological and clinical characteristics that were generally similar to those described in other Western Europe populations and in the US ACCESS study. However, we found a higher proportion of patients who progressed to chronic forms.

Keywords
Sarcoidosis, Oporto, Löfgren syndrome, Extrathoracic involvement, Scadding criteria
Rev Port Pneumol 2017;23:251-8 - Vol. 23 Num.5 DOI: 10.1016/j.rppnen.2017.05.004